The Great Fire of London

02/09/1666 London, UK

The Great Fire of London

Type of Fire

Hydrocarbon, fossil fuels

Ignition Source

Spark from ovens, igniting a wooden home


3 days


Six fatalities verified


Extensive damage across London; 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches

What happened at Pudding Lane in 1666?

The Great Fire of London began on Pudding Lane on 2 September 1666 and burned for three days until 5 September 1666. With London recovering from the Great Plague it was the second tragedy to hit the city in the space of 12 months.


How did the Great Fire of London start?

The fire started in a bakery on Pudding Lane. The ovens were not put out at the end of the night, leading to the heat causing sparks to ignite the wooden building.

Once the fire had started it spread quickly - much of the city was constructed with wood which had dried out through the summer months. Strong winds fanned the flames and spread the fire further.


What can the industry learn from the Great Fire of London?

King Charles II issued a proclamation that all buildings were to be built out of brick/stone and roads were to be widened to prevent fires from spreading with such ease.

The government later issued legislation specifically aimed at fire prevention. For example, the London Cooking Fire Bylaw 1705 specifically prohibited open fire in the attics of thatched buildings.

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